How did WW1 change the way we treat war injuries today? BBC World War One
At the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, the main infantry weapon was the muzzle-loading musket, which fired up to four shots a minute. At the Battle of the Somme, just over a century later, machine gunners could fire off 600 rounds a minute. High velocity rounds wreaked havoc in the body, twisting tissue and splintering bone. Fighting on farmland fertilised by manure meant that wounds quickly became infected; gangrene was rife.
Faced with this challenge, new equipment and techniques were invented that, across four years of fighting, would end up saving thousands of lives.